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Aurangabad

About Aurangabad

Aurangabad is one of the major important tourist cities of Maharashtra.  Aurangabad  is famous for its major historical monuments and for its closer location to visit two major world heritage sites Ajanta & Ellora. Aurangabad is named after the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb when he took over the Deccan kingdom.  Aurangabad also known as tourism capital of Maharashtra.
Some of the  famous Mughal architectural monuments in Aurangabad is Bibi ka Maqbara which is a replica of Taj Mahal with less ornamental, this was built by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb’s son Azam Shah, Panchakki – a water mill which is an example of the engineering marvel of the 17-century, Aurangabad caves excavated out approx. 3 km. north of Aurangabad, these caves dated back to Buddhist era.
Main attraction of Aurangabad is for two major world heritage sites Ajanta & Ellora caves. Ajanta & Ellora caves are finest example of rock cut shrines by hand. Ajanta caves depicting the beautiful stories of Buddhism by beautiful fresco paintings.


Places of Tourist Interest :

Aurangabad is one of the districts in Maharashtra. This is located in a beautiful location surrounded by the hills. Aurangabad has its history dating back at the time of Mughal empire. This Aurangabad city is well  known for its historical monuments , near by world heritage sites Ajanta & Ellora caves and for its rich cultural heritage. Aurangabad is also famous for its rich culture & Heritage.
Most famous tourist attraction of Aurangabad city is Bibi-ka-Maqbara. Other places of tourist interest is  Aurangabad caves & Panchakki ( water mills ), Himroo factory. Aurangabad has got much importance for two of its major excursion points i.e Ajanta and Ellora which are world heritage sites as announced by UNESCO.

Bibi-ka-Maqbara
This is located approx. 03km. from Aurangabad city. This is the mausoleum ( burial place ) of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb,s queen Rabia Durani. This mausoleum built by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb,s  son , Prince Azam Shah  in memory of his loving mother Rabia Durani. This monument is an imitation of the Taj Mahal in Agra. But this  mausoleum is  with less decoration in comparison to Taj Mahal in Agra. Due to its similarity with Taj Mahal this Bibi-ka-Maqbara also known as Taj of the Deccan.

Panchakki

Also known as water mill, derived its name from the mill used to use to crush the grain for the pilgrims. This is an example of the engineering marvel of the 17-century. This mill used to run by water brought through earthen pipes from the river. This was designed in such a scientific way that this was used to generate energy via water brought down to form a spring on a mountain.

Himroo Factory       
Here you can visit conventional style of Himroo hand weaving , situated at Aurangabad's Zaffer gate. This Himroo is a fabric made of Silk and cotton. Himroo weaving is very unique in its character. So this is much demanded for its unique style and design. One can buy shawls and saris from this factory.   

Aurangabad Excursions : 
Ajanta Caves : The Ajanta caves in Aurangabad date back to the second century BC and it depicts the stories of Buddhism. Ajanta has a total of 29 caves and Ajanta caves are one among the UNESCO World Heritage list. These 29 caves were built by Buddhist monks with their skillful commands of the hammer over the chisel and the marvelous paintings. These caves contain sculptures and paintings depicted from Buddhist religious art. Buddhist monks used to use these caves as retreat who taught and performed rituals in the chitya-grihas and Viharas. In these extraordinary caves have exotic paintings depicting the life and incarnations of Prince Gautama Buddha , the founder of Buddhism and in the more popular Jataka stories related to Buddha’s previous incarnation. Ajanta caves are open every day except Monday. Ajanta is approx. 104 km. from Aurangabad and approx. 100 kms. from Ellora caves.    

Ellora Caves : Ellora caves are approx. 30 kms. from Aurangabad. From Here Ajanta caves are approx. 100 kms. Ellora is also a world heritage site as announced by UNESCO.  There are 34 caves in total at Ellora caves. Among these 34 caves 12 caves are dedicated to  Buddhist, 17 caves dedicated to Hindu and 5 caves dedicated to Jain religion. At Ellora Buddhist caves were excavated first so they are the oldest one in this  Ellora caves premises. These Buddhist caves dated back between circa A.D. 450 and 700. Among these Buddhist caves Cave 10 whis known as “ Carpenter’s caves “ is famous one. In this Cave 10 you shall find the design imitating the wooden ones, carved  in its rock vaulted roof. Among the Hindu caves most famous one is Cave 16, which is known as the Kailashnath Temple is a masterpiece art at Ellora. The temple is a splendid achievement of the Dravidian style of art and was started by King Krishna of the Rashtrakuta dynasty. This Cave no. 16 is the largest cave excavation in India and this is carved out of one single rock. Jain caves are the last excavated caves in this Ellora caves premises and these 5 Jain caves dated back to ninth and 10th to 12th centuries A.D. Among these 5 Jain caves , cave no. 32 & 33 known as Indra Sabha and Jagannath Sabha respectively are more famous. Ellora caves are open every day except Tuesday.    

Daulatabad Fort : Daulatbad  fort is 13 km away from Aurangabad this fort is known to be the oldest existing forts of India. This Daulatabad city previously known as “ Devgiri “ founded by Yadava dynasty in 1187 AD along with the fort. Later this fort passed through several dynasties. Daulatabad also once became as capital of India for a short period. This was at the time of the region of Aurangabad Sultan Muhammad bin Tughlaq who gave this present name i.e. Daulatbad or "the city of fortune". Daulatabad fort has some outstanding construction like the Chand Minar, Jami Masjid and royal palaces. The royal palaces within the fort consists of spacious halls, pavilions and courtyards.      

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